Session 13


Track A

Date: Sunday, December 16, 2012


Time: 10:45 – 12:00


Room: Meeting Room 230A

Session Chair:

  • Justin Tan, York University

Title: How Much Does Home Base Matter to Emerging Market Firms’ Internationalization? A Contingency Approach


  • Zhujun Ding, Chinese University of Hong Kong
  • Xufei Ma, Chinese University of Hong Kong

Abstract: This study advances research on home-based institutions and international business studies by examining how the subnational institution shape emerging market firms' (EMFs) internationalization and how this relationship is contingent on firms' capability. Using survey data of 727 Chinese private enterprises in 31 provinces, we demonstrate that EMFs' home-based subnational institutions, in terms of government’s market orientation, product market development, and labor market development, have a positive effect on EMF’s internationalization. Also these relationships differ among EMFs with different market capabilities and nonmarket capabilities. These findings contribute to the international business research by highlighting the importance of subnational institutions and considering the firm-specific capabilities simultaneously in understanding EMFs’ international strategy.

Title: Institutions and Persistence of First Mover Advantages


  • Jaime Gomez, La Rioja University
  • Gianvito Lanzolla, City University London
  • Juan Maicas, University of Zaragoza

Abstract: We advance FMA literature by bringing in the institutional context, a hitherto missing dimension. We identify two components of the institutional context - a country’s market orientation and a country’s cultural orientation towards uncertainty - which can help capturing its interplay with the FMA isolating mechanisms which protect first mover’s performance. We argue that market supporting institutions are detrimental for first mover’s performance and that uncertainty avoiding societies tend to favour first’s mover performance. We test our hypotheses in the context of the world telecommunication industry (40 countries, 136 firms, 20 years of data) and we find strong support for our hypotheses. We also draw empirical implications on the relative importance of a country’s market orientation and a country’s cultural orientation towards uncertainty in first mover’s performance.

Title: Internationalization of Chinese Firms: From Isomorphism to Strategic Responses


  • Veronica Fong, University of Macau
  • Jacky Hong, University of Macau

Abstract: International business scholars have traditionally drawn on neo-institutional theory to explain the survival and growth of multinational corporations, stressing the importance of various isomorphic forces and influences. A new perspective has emerged in which the role of agency in effecting, transforming and maintaining institutions and organizational fields is emphasized. The objective of present paper is to explore how the internationalization process can be adopted as a strategic response to mitigate the institutional pressures from domestic environment with a specific reference to the case of Chinese MNCs. The findings of the unique ways that Chinese MNCs can react and develop new ‘rules of the game’ toward their societal organizations will enrich our understanding about the co-evolutionary process between MNCs and their institutional environment.

Title: SMEs’ Survival and Recovery Rates in China


  • Ilgaz Arikan, Kent State University
  • Oded Shenkar, Ohio State University
  • Asli Musaoglu Arikan, Kent State University

Abstract: How does the strength of domestic institutions affect small to mid-size enterprises (SMEs) that experience financial, economic, and political crises? We compare the survival and recovery rates of SMEs in China to those of in the US, Europe and Latin America. We argue that SMEs in countries that experience repeated shocks develop capabilities to compensate for the weaker institutional environments, whereas their counterparts in stronger institutional environments become more vulnerable when they fail to develop capabilities to deal with such shocks.

All Sessions in Track A...

Sat: 09:00 – 09:30
Session 35: Conference Welcome
Sat: 09:30 – 10:45
Session 30: Keynote Plenary Panel: Competing and Cooperating in and for China
Sat: 11:15 – 12:30
Session 4: Competition and Adaptation
Session 11: Firm Boundaries and Growth
Session 19: Global Strategy
Session 26: Entrepreneurship in China
Sat: 13:45 – 15:00
Session 31: Plenary Panel II: Collaborative Strategies in and for China
Sat: 15:30 – 16:45
Session 6: CSR and Sustainable Development
Session 7: Entrepreneurship
Session 9: Executives and Incentives
Session 22: Panel: Innovation
Session 24: Managing Innovation Strategies
Sat: 17:00 – 18:15
Session 5: Corporate Governance
Session 8: Evolution and Ecosystems
Session 10: FDI
Session 12: Innovation Strategy
Session 27: FDI and Institutions
Sun: 09:00 – 10:15
Session 32: Plenary Panel III: Corporate Governance and Executive Leadership in the Age of Globalization
Sun: 10:45 – 12:00
Session 13: Institutions
Session 15: Internationalization II
Session 16: Networks
Session 29: Resources and Capabilities
Sun: 13:45 – 15:00
Session 33: Plenary Panel IV: Strategic Management Research in China - What is Next?
Sun: 15:30 – 16:45
Session 3: Alliances and Cooperation
Session 14: Internationalization I
Session 17: Social Capital
Session 28: Governance, Knowledge, and Cooperation
Sun: 17:00 – 18:00
Session 34: Executives Plenary Panel: Innovation Strategy in China

Strategic Management Society